Top 10 Smartest People of all Time
Thims is an American electrochemical engineer who initially compiled a list of 100 people with IQ scores above 200, for the sake of curiosity. An IQ above 130 is extremely high, although it should be noted that IQ tests are highly inaccurate and controversial.
Thims later classified everyone who had a strong aptitude, marked ability, or sharp inclination in some area that together with their IQ would make these people worthy of being called a genius. Not wishing to exclude any geniuses that existed before IQ tests were invented, Thims referred to Cox methodology-based IQ assessments, which predicts IQ based on how much people perform every 10 years of their lives.
Thims then adjusted the IQ marks that he thought were inaccurate by reading through the individuals’ many works to check for errors. Thims assessed both IQ and achievements to rank the smartest people in history.
Of course, this list is highly subjective and sometimes seemingly random. In this selection are the 10 smartest people of all time.
#10th THOMAS YOUNG
Thomas Young was an English physicist and physician whose contributions to the fields of vision, physiology, light, and language have led to many important discoveries in optics and anatomy in history. His estimated IQ marks a range of 185 to 200 by different measures. One of his most important findings was that the lens of the human eye changes its shape to focus on objects at different distances, which ultimately led it to determine the cause of astigmatism.
#9th WILLIAM SIDIS
William Sidis, the inspiration for the movie Good Will Hunting, was a child prodigy whose IQ marks range from 200 to 300 by different measures. He was accepted at Harvard at the age of nine, but the university would not let him attend because of his emotional immaturity. He attended Tufts until Harvard finally let him in when he was 11 years old. He died at the age of 46 from a stroke.
#8th GOTTFRIED LEIBNIZ
Gottfried Leibniz is a philosopher and logician. This German is perhaps best known for inventing the differential and integral calculus. His estimated IQ range from 182 to 205 by different measures. In 1676, Leibniz founded a new formulation of laws of motion known as dynamics, replacing kinetic energy for the conservation of motion.
#7th NICHOLAS COPERNICUS
Copernicus was a Polish mathematician and astronomer. His discovery of the heliocentric model of the universe, in which the sun – not the earth – is the center of the solar system, revolutionized the study of the cosmos. His estimated IQ range from 160 to 200 by different measures.
#6th RUDOLF CLAUSIUS
Rudolf Clausius was a German physicist and mathematician best known for formulating the second law of thermodynamics. His IQ ranges from 190 to 205 by different measures. Clausius made thermodynamics a science, invented the term entropy, and developed the kinetic theory of gases.
#5th JAMES MAXWELL
James Maxwell was a Scottish physicist and mathematician who is best known for formulating the classical theory of electromagnetic radiation. His estimated IQ marks range from 190 to 205 by different measures. Maxwell is credited for laying the foundation for quantum theory and has been revered by many, including Einstein.
#4th ISAAC NEWTON
Most famously known for his law of gravitation, English physicist and mathematician, Sir Isaac Newton was instrumental in the 17th-century scientific revolution. His estimated IQ marks range from 190 to 200 by different measures.
#3rd LEONARDO DA VINCI
A painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist and writer, Leonardo da Vinci was perhaps the most diverse talent ever to live. And his estimated IQ marks range from 180 to 220 by different measures. He is one of the most famous painters in history, revered for his technological innovations such as flying machines.
#2nd ALBERT EINSTEIN
Albert Einstein was a German theoretical physicist, and philosopher of science, with estimated IQ marks ranging from 205 to 225 by different measures. He is best known for his energy and mass equivalence formula, E = mc², which has been called the most famous equation in the world. Einstein articulated the principle of relativity and tried to refute quantum theory until he died in 1955 at the age of 76. Einstein is second in this selection of the 10 smartest people of all time.
#1st JOHANN GOETHE
Considered by Einstein to be the last man in the world to know all things. Goethe was a German sage who founded the science of human chemistry and developed one of the first known theories of evolution. His estimated IQ marks range from 210 to 225 by different measures. He is considered one of the greatest figures in Western literature. His 1808 poetic drama Faust is still widely read and studied today.